What is a profit and loss statement?
A profit and loss statement (P&L) sets out your company income versus expenses, to help calculate profit. You’ll sometimes see profit and loss statements called an income statement, statement of operations, or statement of earnings.
P&L statements can be created to analyze and compare business performance over a month, a quarter or a year, and are an effective tool to review cash flow and predict future business performance.
Smart business owners use profit and loss statements alongside other key financial documents, like the balance sheet and cash flow statement, to check up on and improve the health of their businesses.
Download a profit and loss statement template.
Simple profit and loss statement
Download your free simple profit and loss statement in Excel. Customize and plug in your business numbers, to make analyzing your company performance easy.
Profit and loss statement for small business
This single step profit and loss statement is perfect for small businesses and sole proprietorships. Get your free template here, add your branding and create a tailor-made financial statement for your business.
Multi-step income statement
Use the free template to create your multiple step profit and loss statement in Excel, and get an in depth report of your net business profit or loss.
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Profit and loss statement format.
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Profit and loss statement formula.
The single step profit and loss statement formula is:
Total Revenues - Total Expenses = Net Income
A P&L statement compares company revenue against expenses to determine the net income of the business.
Subtract operating expenses from business income to see your net profit or loss. If revenues are higher than total business expenses, you’re making a profit. If your business expenses over the period being examined were higher than your income, the company has made a loss.
This calculation is useful for business owners and investors as it shows the net profitability of a business, and how efficient a company is at generating net income.
Profit and loss statements give a snapshot view of business performance - create a monthly, quarterly or annual statement, which you can analyze and compare to performance over the same period in previous years.
How to create the profit and loss statement template?
Both the profit and loss statement and balance sheet are important financial statements - but each has a different function for business owners and investors.
A balance sheet gives a point in time view of a company's assets and liabilities, while the P&L statement details income and expenses over an extended period of time (usually one year). A balance sheet helps determine a company's current financial situation and make important financial decisions. The profit loss statement can be run at any time of the fiscal year to determine profitability and compare one period of time to another to show growth.
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