Thai Baht (THB)

The Thai baht is the currency of Thailand. Its code is THB, and it’s also denoted with the symbol ฿. The baht is the tenth most frequently used currency in the world, and is one of the strongest currencies in southeast Asia. The most popular Thai baht exchange is with the euro. The Thai baht has 6 significant currency conversion digits. It is considered fiat money.

Currency name

Thai Baht


THB exchange rates

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NameThai baht (THB)
Minor UnitSatang
Minor Unit Symbolสตางค์
Notes Freq Used฿20, ฿50, ฿100, ฿500, ฿1000
Coins Freq Used฿1, ฿2, ฿5, ฿10
Central BankBank of Thailand
UsersThailand, Laos, Cambodia, Myanmar

Facts Table for Thai baht (THB)

Currency evolution in Thailand traces back to the Rattankosin era, marking the official issuance of standardised factory-made coins and banknotes. Paper money made its debut in 1853 through royal promissory notes, followed by banknotes from foreign banks. The year 1857 saw Thailand acquiring its inaugural minting machine, initiating the minting of Thai silver coins. Streamlining coinage occurred in 1897, condensing the 11 denominations into two—satang and baht—under a decimalized silver standard system.

Thai Baht and International Currencies

The Thai Baht was initially pegged to the British Pound at a fixed rate of 8 TBH to 1 GBP until 1880. Subsequently, this rate underwent several adjustments, linking the Baht to the Japanese Yen at par during World War II. Post-war, it was pegged at 20.8 Baht per 1 US Dollar, transitioning to 20 Baht per US Dollar in 1978 and then to 25 Baht in 1984.

A financial crisis struck Thailand in 1997, causing a 50% devaluation of the Baht and compelling the adoption of a floating exchange rate system. Following this economic collapse, the Thai Baht eventually stabilised.

Thai Baht Modern History

Despite its official use limited to Thailand, the Thai Baht is informally utilised in Laos, Cambodia, and Myanmar.

On December 19, 2006, the Bank of Thailand implemented exchange controls that led to substantial differences between offshore and onshore exchange rates, resulting in spreads of up to 10 percent between these markets. However, these controls were largely lifted by March 3, 2008, erasing significant disparities between offshore and onshore exchange rates.

All Thai baht Exchange Rates