TT payment: meaning and definition

Roberto Efflandrin

Anyone who does business overseas is likely to run into a scenario in which they need to make a telegraphic transfer. Telegraphic transfers can be made by individuals for personal reasons or by businesses with overseas suppliers — like if you use Alibaba or AliExpress for example.

If you’ve ever wondered about what exactly a telegraphic transfer is or whether it’s the best way to transfer funds overseas, you need to read on. The bottom line is that you may be able to save money on overseas transfers by using a money transfer service like Wise instead of a bank¹ – but more on that later.

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Meaning and definition of TT payment and telegraphic (telex) transfer terms

Historically, a “telegraphic transfer” referred to a money transfer that was sent using telex, which meant sending money via an antiquated cable, radio or telephone system. These days, a telegraphic transfer is just a money transfer — the same thing as a wire transfer.

You may see it referred to as a telex transfer, a TT, a T/T, a TT bank payment or just a wire transfer; they all mean the same thing. The term “telegraphic transfer” is more common nowadays in certain parts of the world — it’s used extensively in the UK, Australia and New Zealand to describe electronic money transfers, either domestic or international. In the US, you’re more likely to see these referred to as wire transfers.

What is the meaning of a TT LC payment?

A telegraphic transfer LC payment, or letter of credit payment, is a payment that’s arranged in advance, but not made until certain conditions are met. For example, your business could arrange a TT LC payment with your overseas supplier, setting up documents between your bank and the supplier’s bank to guarantee the payment is completed once, say, goods are shipped.

A LC payment is like a contract in that it offers a lot of protection to both parties to ensure that goods are received and payment is made. Since two banks and a lot of paperwork are involved in setting up a letter of credit, it can be time-consuming and expensive to pay suppliers this way.

What is the meaning of TT in advance?

A TT in advance payment is sort of the opposite of a LC payment in that payment is sent before goods are shipped. This is often faster and cheaper since there’s less paperwork to arrange, but businesses are assuming a lot of risk since it's possible for the supplier to take the payment and not send the goods.

Read more: Wise vs International bank transfers: Which one is better?

How does a telegraphic money transfer work?

In a normal international telegraphic transfer, the sender, or remitter, tells their bank they want to send money to the recipient, or beneficiary. Depending on the bank and its policies, this can be done at a branch, by mail or fax, over the phone or via online or mobile banking. The sender’s bank will then send the money to a bank that it works within the recipient’s country or region. If the recipient has an account with that bank, the funds are converted to the correct currency and transferred into his or her account and the transfer is complete.

If not, that bank acts as an intermediary bank. It may still do the currency conversion, as well as charge a fee for handling a small part of the transfer, before it forwards the money on to either another intermediary bank or the recipient’s bank.

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Wire transfers vs telegraphic transfers: Is there a difference?

Wire transfers and telegraphic transfers are the same thing, and they may also be referred to as “money transfers,” “international payments,” or “SWIFT transfers.” They mostly use the SWIFT system, which is a secure messaging system used by banks to quickly and accurately send each other messages and instructions for moving money across borders.

How to avoid the high expense of telegraphic transfers

While the SWIFT system makes it fast, easy and secure to send money across international borders, it also comes with one big downside: potential additional fees. A SWIFT transfer can pass through several intermediary banks on the way to its destination, and each of those banks is able to charge a fee, just for handing off the transfer information to the next bank in line.

Intermediary and or recipient banks are also often the ones that convert the transfer from the sender’s currency to the recipient’s currency, but regardless of which bank in the process does the conversion, it’s likely that it’s marking up the exchange rate by 3-5%. You can see how all these hidden fees can add up fast.

Want more info on telegraphic transfers?

If you still need more information before deciding how to make your transfer, these articles may help:

With this information, you should be armed with what you need to choose the best transfer method that suits your needs — and your wallet.

Give Wise a try

It might be worth your time to look into an alternative money transfer service like Wise. Wise always moves money at the mid-market rate, just like the one you see on Google. Transfer fees at Wise are shown upfront and kept as low as possible.

Most of Wise’s transfers don’t even cross a border. Wise receives the money directly in the sender's country, and then pays out the money from an account in the recipient’s country – bypassing the SWIFT network and saving you loads on fees. This means you and your recipient will know exactly how much money they'll receive.

Safety is super important at Wise and it’s regulated wherever it operates. In Australia, it is regulated by the Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC) and holds an Australian Financial Services Licence (AFSL number 513764). On top of this, Wise has dedicated compliance teams and systems working around the clock to keep our customers’ money safe.

Check out how much you can save with Wise on your next international transfer using the calculator below.

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This publication is provided for general information purposes and does not constitute legal, tax or other professional advice from Wise Payments Limited or its subsidiaries and its affiliates, and it is not intended as a substitute for obtaining advice from a financial advisor or any other professional.

We make no representations, warranties or guarantees, whether expressed or implied, that the content in the publication is accurate, complete or up to date.

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